Baja California offers an important archaeological wealth that is fully expressed in the cave murals that are all over the peninsula.
The Vallecito region, located 5 km northwest of the village of La Rumorosa (in the North of the peninsula.), is the best-known site of the State. Because of its location, it is recommended to devote one day to make your visit.
Located in the sierra Juarez summits, it covers about 200 hectares where between woodlots pine and agaves capricious stone formations exist showing groups of rock paintings with a wide range of topics, ranging from abstract-geometric to more figurative: forms humanoid, stars and others. Most famous painting of the place is El Diablito;, anthropomorphic red with two wavy stripes drawing on the head by way of devil horns; it’s merit lies not only in the composition but in its role as a calendar marker : in the morning of the winter solstice enters the shelter where and illuminates directly and exclusively the Diablito eyes.
Near El Vallecito at Km 57 of the Rumorosa –Mexicali Highway is another wonderful site. In this large cubic stone, there are several humanoid figures painted, some of them made with white strokes on darkened walls by the smoke of ancient bonfires. There are also petro glyphs and mortars.
Some researchers believe that there was human presence on the peninsula millions of years ago, but the available evidence only displays more or less from 8000 B.C. However, the above sites are newer, it is estimated that they were done in the past thousand years, although the engravings, more resistant to erosion, might be older.
In the Valley of Guadalupe area, there is a set of paintings on a promontory located at the El Milagros Ranch.
South of the city of Ensenada, along the road near the village of San Vicente Ferrer, stands Rancho la Llave located beside the San Vicente Creek Ranch stands a 10 meter high rock painted of petro glyphs. Designs are all geometric, with straight lines, it’s meaning although not understood, is perhaps the best preserved throughout the Northwest of Mexico predominance. Southward, the next zone is Las Pintas, a special place. The area consists of a comprehensive set of huge rocks between two hills.
The surface of the rocks highlights hundreds of cryptic white drawings. This is one of the most beautiful sites due to the desert environment that surrounds it.
Another interesting area is located approximately 50 kmts. further to the Southeast. This is a small group of although dispersed petro glyphs on the shores of the San Fernando creek. More geometric designs and abstract strokes on an orange tone, two stone drawings attract attention: A solitary Latin cross and the other, a complex composition which seems like a sailing vessel. Some people believe that they were made after the arrival of Spaniards, which is feasible, given the proximity of the site to the Mission of San Fernando Velicatá, founded by fray Junípero Serra in 1769;; and the coast by where galleons]s since the sixteenth century, is less than 100 km away. The cave painted Cataviñá located further at 50 km southeast in the Rocky part of the central desert is a worthy place to of visit. The site contains magnificent murals; it is in the form of a tunnel of about 3 meters long under a colossal hanging rock. The semispherical roof presents dozens of triangles, squares and lined rectangles, concentric circles, Suns as found at El Vallecito.
Astonished by the variety of colors in just two or three square meters: black, from of manganese oxide; the ochre gets of Hematite (iron oxide), white derived from limestone rocks, more mysterious yellow and orange. Cataviñá was the center of the great enigma on this tour. The great mural area begins bout 130 km south, those other monumental paintings with figurative art natural size and at times greater.
take Federal highway No. 2 Tijuana -Mexicali , until you reach La Rumorosa to km 73 is followed by the North taking a dirt road that follows 3 km west of the village course the road goes through the restaurant El Chipo continues North and arrives directly onsite at the crossing by the Rancho Santa Maria del Oro , 3 km further. Open Wednesday at 8: 00 to 5: 00 PM to Sunday , access not allowed after 6:00PM.
Drive from the Rumorosa descending to Mexicali on Federal No.2 Highway the exit will be on your right hand side 57.5 km
Reference: Valle de Guadalupe. (Zarco Francisco)
Reference: San Vicente Ferrer.
22 kms east of El Rosario de Arriba on Road heading; at km 81, take the secondary right (South). After 30 km you will reach the ghost town of El Malvar or ejido Abelardo l. Rodriguez. In the first houses turn left (East), continue straight and take the first deviation to the left until you find the site about 6 km ahead.
Follow the signs of the ruins of the Mission of the same name that are towards km 119 of the stretch of the heading ranging from San Quintín southward. Passing the ruins continue thousand meters more.
reference: town of Cataviñá or St Agnes.
Located in the Bay of los Angeles area, as well as the plateau del Carmen, close to the Santa Mission Gertrudis. For more information consult the eco tourist inventory of Baja California.